GAO Confirms Negative, Unintended Consequences of Flawed UAC Policies

WASHINGTON — Sens. Ron Johnson (R-Wis.), Chuck Grassley (R-IA) and Orrin Hatch (R-UT) Monday released a Government Accountability Office (GAO) report on the steps the Department of Health and Human Services can take to monitor unaccompanied minors in the United States who illegally crossed the southern border.

“According to this report, children who embark on the dangerous trip from Central America to the United States have been traumatized by their journey, telling of deeply disturbing incidents. The GAO found that their mistreatment does not always end at our border. As the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee’s oversight of the humanitarian crisis of unaccompanied children has revealed, this crisis is not going away.  The administration has become more efficient at apprehending, processing and dispersing children across the country, some into terrible situations.  Today, the GAO confirms the negative, unintended consequences created by the president’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and other flawed policies and laws,” Johnson said.

The report showed that the Obama administration isn’t adequately monitoring the grantees or sponsors who are entrusted to provide basic care for unaccompanied minors.  The Office of Refugee Resettlement, the agency charged with placing unaccompanied minors crossing the southern U.S. border with appropriate sponsors, has incomplete records, is not adequately monitoring the facilities that house the children, and doesn’t have a consistent system to follow up on the children once they’ve been placed with sponsors.

“Based on the findings in this report, it’s no wonder that we are hearing of children being mistreated or simply falling off the grid once they are turned over to sponsors.  It’s hard to believe, but it’s as if the Office of Refugee Resettlement doesn’t believe it’s their obligation to track or monitor the well-being of these children once they’re released.  Beyond the risks to the kids created by these shortcomings, our communities are left to cope with the crime and violence from gang members and other delinquents who are not identified or tracked because of HHS’s haphazard and porous practices,” Grassley said.

“Time and again we learn of troubling reports regarding unaccompanied children facing not only homelessness and poverty but at risk of gang violence or criminal activities. Often times, such disturbing outcomes are a direct result of wide-spread system failures,” said Hatch. “In fact, the non-partisan GAO, recently found that the Department of Health and Human Services can do more to monitor the placement of these children and ensure higher-quality care.  Clearly, we can do better. That’s why I’ll be working with my colleagues on both sides of the aisle to explore effective and viable policy options that will put an end to systemic, bureaucratic failures and instead provide a path towards a brighter future for these children,” Hatch said.

Conclusions from the GAO report include:

·     While the Office of Refugee Resettlement had made steps to handle the surge of unaccompanied minors by increasing capacity, it cannot adequately predict the facilities and beds that are needed for future surges. 

·     The data collected by grantees to screen sponsors and provide services to the unaccompanied minors is incomplete and the Office of Refugee Resettlement’s monitoring of the grantees is inconsistent.

·     The agency is failing to monitor the facilities that care for the children, and failed to visit some of them for as many as seven years.

·     It’s unclear what post-release services are provided, and whether the children’s well-being and access to services are being met.

·     Children are being placed quicker in non-federal facilities in part because of a suspension of fingerprinting, waivers for abuse and neglect checks, and allowing photocopies of birth certificates.

Related Content:

Johnson Border Report

Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations Report: Majority and Minority Staff Report – Protecting Unaccompanied Alien Children from Trafficking and Other Abuses: The Role of the Office of Refugee Resettlement