Management and oversight of the United States Census Bureau falls under the Committee’s jurisdiction. The Census serves as the primary source for demographic information and quality data about the nation’s people and economy. Although the population and housing Census only occurs every ten years, other important surveys take place every five years as well as annually. The Committee must ensure that the process evolves and that the Bureau is using the best instruments and methods possible to collect accurate information in a cost-effective manner. The necessity of quality, reliable data is paramount because federal agencies use this information to distribute funds to communities.