WASHINGTON—A report released Thursday by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS)’s Inspector General found that the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) did not act quickly or effectively when it became aware that trailers housing survivors of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita may have had elevated levels of formaldehyde. In a letter sent to FEMA Administrator Craig Fugate, a bipartisan group of lawmakers asked him to implement the report’s recommendations without delay and report back to Congress in 90 days.
The report, FEMA Responses to Formaldehyde in Trailers (OIG-09-83), was required by an amendment passed by the Senate to the DHS Appropriations Act for FY 2008 that was sponsored by Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Chairman Joe Lieberman, ID-Conn; Subcommittee on Disaster Recovery Chairman Mary Landrieu, D-La; Committee Members Mark Pryor, D-Ark, Senator Claire McCaskill, D-Mo; and Senator John Kerry, D-Mass.
The report details how FEMA spent a year deciding how best to ventilate the trailers, only to come to the same conclusion that had been reached long before, and how FEMA dragged its feet on testing the occupied trailers, acting only after senior DHS management became involved. Even after the decision was made to begin testing, FEMA caused months of delay by failing to promptly produce the necessary paperwork and telling the contractor to hold off on testing until it had decided how to respond publicly to the test results. Because of these missteps, FEMA did not have test results of formaldehyde levels in occupied trailers until almost two years after becoming aware of potential problems.
The report lays out several recommendations for FEMA to protect the health and safety of future disaster victims.
The letter sent by lawmakers also asks FEMA to report back with additional information within 30 days, including how many people remain in FEMA trailers, what policies have been put in place to ensure the health of survivors of future disasters, and what system has been put in place to track health complaints in the future. The Committee will hold a hearing on the nomination of Alexander G. Garza to be The Department of Homeland Security’s Chief Medical Officer next Tuesday, July 28.
Full text of the letter is below:
July 23, 2009
The Honorable W. Craig Fugate
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Department of Homeland Security
Washington, D.C. 20472
Dear Administrator Fugate:
The highest priority for those of us serving in government is to ensure the safety and security of the American people. In our respective roles on the Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, we have spent many years trying to strengthen the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) to ensure that disaster assistance programs provide survivors support they need in a timely, safe, and effective manner.
The Department of Homeland Security’s Office of Inspector General (DHS OIG) today released a report, FEMA’s Response to Formaldehyde in Trailers (OIG-09-83), that takes an in-depth look into FEMA’s handling of formaldehyde-related health concerns raised by survivors of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita who were housed temporarily in FEMA trailers. The report was required by an amendment that Senators Lieberman, McCaskill, Obama, Pryor, Landrieu, and Kerry cosponsored and which the Senate passed as part of the Fiscal Year 2008 Department of Homeland Security Appropriations bill. The reporting requirement was included in the explanatory statement accompanying the Consolidated Appropriations Act (P.L. 110-161).
The report is a disturbing testament of FEMA’s missteps and delays that might well have had a detrimental effect on the health and safety of those living in the trailers. It found that FEMA officials acted neither quickly nor effectively to determine the extent of the formaldehyde problem once they were aware that such a problem might exist, resulting in an almost two-year lapse before reaching the conclusion that a problem, in fact, did exist.
The health and safety of disaster survivors is a top priority of emergency managers, and FEMA must work quickly to ensure the ability to protect the health and safety of future disaster survivors. We have been carefully monitoring FEMA’s work in this area and although much work remains, we applaud the fact that since the time period covered by this report, FEMA has taken considerable steps to minimize the formaldehyde exposure of trailer occupants and to prevent health and safety issues from developing for future disaster victims, including by starting to address some problem areas identified by the report.
Although FEMA’s performance following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita long preceded your tenure as FEMA Administrator, we must work together to ensure these same mistakes are not repeated. To that end, we request that you quickly implement the report’s recommendations and report back to us within 90 days on the status of implementing the recommendations. Additionally, we ask that within 30 days you provide us with the following information:
1. We are heartened that FEMA has been actively working to move disaster survivors out of the trailers. Please provide current information on the number of disaster survivors remaining in travel trailers which have potential or actual levels of formaldehyde that raise health and safety concerns. What is FEMA currently doing to try to find people alternative housing solutions?
2. Will FEMA test future housing units while occupied by future disaster victims in order to ensure that the housing units are reasonably safe for occupants? Has FEMA conducted any tests on temporary housing units that currently house survivors of other disasters?
3. What policies, procedures, and protocols has FEMA put in place to ensure that indications of potential health or safety problems for future disaster survivors are promptly addressed? What policies, procedures, and protocols has FEMA put in place to ensure that identification and analysis of potential health threats are undertaken in a timely manner and are not stopped or delayed unreasonably? When will any interim policies that have been put in place be finalized?
4. What system has been put in place or what plans are being made for tracking health and safety complaints?
5. Which FEMA officials will handle key responsibilities on health and safety issues and complaints? What duties and responsibilities will FEMA safety officers have? What measures have FEMA put in place to ensure that responsible program officials and managers have access to critical information and advice related to health and safety effects of all FEMA programs?
6. What role will FEMA’s Office of the Chief Counsel play in any future health and safety issues that may arise? What role will DHS’s Office of Health Affairs (OHA) play in any future issues that may arise regarding health and safety of disaster survivors?
7. What is the current status of the health registry and children’s health study that FEMA and the Centers for Disaster Control and Prevention are working on to examine and monitor the health impacts of formaldehyde on disaster survivors? What is the design and scope of this study?
We look forward to your responses and continuing to work closely with you to advance the health and safety of disaster survivors.
Joseph I. Lieberman Susan M. Collins
Chairman of the Homeland Security and Ranking Member of the Homeland Security
Governmental Affairs Committee and Governmental Affairs Committee
Mary L. Landrieu Mark Pryor
Chairman of the Ad Hoc Subcommittee Chairman of the Ad Hoc Subcommittee
on Disaster Recovery on State, Local, and Private Sector
Preparedness and Integration
Chairman of the Ad Hoc Subcommittee
On Contracting Oversight